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Diabetes & Eye Disease

Diabetes & Eye Disease

What is Diabetes Eye Disease?

Diabetes eye disease is a complication of diabetes and it may lead to blindness. There are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease. Diabetes eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

What are the signs of diabetes retina damage?

  • Have blurry or double vision
  • See flashing lights or blank spots
  • See dark or floating spots
  • Have pain or pressure in your eye(s)
  • Have trouble seeing things out of the corners of your eyes

How to prevent diabetes eye problems?

  • Keep blood glucose, cholesterol and blood pressure levels under control. This is one of the most important steps to keep you away from diabetes eye disease
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Perform regular physical activities
  • Have a yearly eye exam, finding eye problems early and getting treatment right away will help prevent the disease in becoming worse
  • Ask your eye care professional to check for signs of cataracts and glaucoma at least once a year
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid alcohol

When to see an eye care professional?

  • If you are between 10 and 29 years old and have diabetes for at least 5 years.
  • If you are 30 years old or older, no matter how short a time you have had diabetes.
  • If you have any changes in your vision.
  • If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.