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Hypoglycaemia & Hyperglycemias

Hypoglycaemia & Hyperglycemias

Hyperglycaemia is also called high blood glucose; it happens when the body does not have enough insulin or when the body cannot use Insulin properly. It is caused by overeating, not taking enough diabetes medication, stress or illness.

High blood glucose happens gradually, patient may not notice the sign; please consult your doctor for your target blood glucose range that best suits you.


  • Being more thirsty than usual frequent urination
  • Being tired
  • have blurred vision

Treating Hyperglycaemia

Hyperglycaemia may lead to long-term complications, such as heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage and etc. It can be avoided if you can control your blood glucose within the healthy range. Talk to your health care provider about the best way to treat hyperglycaemia.

Preventing Hyperglycaemia

  • Follow your meal plan
  • Take your medication as directed
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration See your doctor if you are ill
  • Make physical activities as a part of your lifestyle


Diabetics may have hypoglycaemia, also called low blood glucose or insulin reaction. It happens when people misses a meal or eats less than usual, perform strenuous exercise or takes too much Insulin or oral medication; these may cause the blood glucose level to drop too low and produce insufficient amount of energy for body activities. In most cases, when patients' glucose level is below 70 mg/dl (3.8 mmol), it is then treated as hypoglycaemia. Please consult your health provider for the target blood glucose range that is best for you.


  • Hunger
  • Confusion
  • Nervousness and shakiness Sweating Dizziness irritability
  • Anxious or weak
  • Sleepiness

If hypoglycaemia is untreated, it can lead to confusion, coma or convulsions.

Treating Hypoglycaemia

If any hypoglycaemia symptom occurs, immediately use a blood glucose meter to check the blood glucose level. If the result is or below 70 mg/dl 13.8 mmol) then eat some fast-acting sugar. Check the blood glucose level again in 15-20 minutes. The fast-acting sugar includes 3-4 glucose tablets, 1-2 cup of any fruit juice or 5-6 pieces of hard candies.

Preventing Hypoglycaemia

People with diabetes can prevent hypoglycaemia by following regular daily schedules. Remember to check the blood glucose regularly, and take necessary actions when you have low blood glucose.

  • Make a meal plan that is your preference... and lifestyle
  • Perform moderate physical activities
  • Keep some candies of glucose tablets with you all the time